Friday, 11 December 2015

HURRICANE ANNA ( 1961)

Storm Anna affected Central America and the Windward Islands in July 1961. The main tropical typhoon and first storm of the sea tempest season, Anna created on July 20 from an easterly wave situated in the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ) over the Windward Islands. At first a typhoon, it moved westbound over the Caribbean Sea. Good natural conditions permitted Anna to achieve tropical storm power late on July 20. At an early stage the next day, the tempest fortified into a Category 2 typhoon on the cutting edge Saffir–Simpson tropical storm wind scale. Escalation proceeded, and later on July 21, Anna turned into a noteworthy sea tempest, after coming to Category 3 force. In the wake of achieving crest force on July 22, the storm marginally debilitated while brushing the northern shore of Honduras. Further debilitating happened; when Anna made landfall in landfall in Belize on July 24, winds diminished to 80 mph (130 km/h). Anna quickly debilitated over area and dispersed soon thereafter.
Hurricane Anna 1961.JPG

As a creating tropical twister over the Leeward Islands, Anna delivered solid winds over Grenada, however harm was constrained to a few products, trees, and phone posts. Different islands experienced windy winds, however no harm. Passing only north of Venezuela, the sea tempest created solid winds over the nation, cresting as high as 70 mph (115 km/h). Solid winds brought on broad harm in northern Honduras. All through the nation, no less than 36 homes were crushed and 228 were harmed. Serious harm in the Gracias a Dios Department left several individuals destitute. Moreover, high winds toppled around 5,000 coconut trees. By and large, Anna brought about a casualty and $300,000 in harm (1961 USD), basically in Central America.

The causes of Hurricane Anna were likely from an easterly wave situated over Africa. On July 16, Television Infrared Observation Satellite (TIROS) symbolism demonstrated a cloud mass arranged around 1,020 miles (1,640 km) west-southwest of the southernmost islands of Cape Verde. The presence of an easterly wave was not affirmed by United States Navy surveillance flying machine and ship reports until the next day, at which time the framework was situated more than 445 miles (715 km) east of Antigua. Albeit no course existed while the wave drew closer the Windward Islands, noteworthy measures of profound convection was connected with the framework and situated close to the Intertropical Convergence Zone (ITCZ). Right off the bat July 20, boat reports demonstrated a creating course in the middle of Grenada and Trinidad; squalls on the previous island delivered wind blasts as solid as 50 mph (80 km/h). As per HURDAT – the North Atlantic sea tempest database – the framework formed into Tropical Storm Anna at 0000 UTC on July 20, as affirmed by an observation air ship flight.

Arranged around 25 miles (40 km) east-upper east of Tobago with a starting wind rate of 40 mph (65 km/h), Anna instantly started to fortify while moving somewhat north of due west. The primary admonitory on Anna, issued at 1330 UTC on July 20, reported maintained winds of 60 mph (95 km/h). Soon thereafter, the tempest was moved up to a typhoon after an observation flying machine reported tropical storm power winds. Anna then extended all the more consistently, turning into a Category 2 storm right off the bat July 21. Soon thereafter, the tempest turned into a noteworthy sea tempest by 1800 UTC, in the wake of coming to Category 3 sea tempest power. At 1200 UTC on July 22, Anna accomplished its crest power with most extreme supported winds of 115 mph (185 km/h) and a base barometric weight of 976 mbar (28.8 inHg). Right off the bat July 23, Anna debilitated to a Category 2 sea tempest while starting to brush the northern shore of Honduras. Debilitating proceeded, and by at an early stage July 24, the tempest crumbled to a Category 1 tropical storm. Around 1200 UTC, Anna made landfall in a country zone of Stann Creek District, Belize with winds of 80 mph (130 km/h). Late on July 24, the framework debilitated to a typhoon and after that dispersed.

The United States Weather Bureau issued tropical violent wind watches and notices for Venezuela, Curaçao, Bonaire and Aruba. In Jamaica, meteorologists gauge that the tempest would sidestep the island toward the south without bringing on any impacts. As Anna proceeded with westbound, it was anticipated to make landfall in either northern Nicaragua or southeastern Honduras. Inhabitants in those nations were informed to take safety measures ahead concerning the tempest. Focal Americans living along Gulf of Honduras were likewise cautioned around 10 feet (3.0 m) tides and solid winds. As the tempest neared Honduras, little pontoons and other watercraft were encouraged to stay in port. Also, a tropical storm watch was posted for the Swan Islands. In Belize, the risk of the tempest constrained 100 inhabitants to empty their homes, while various organizations were shut down. At Belize Harbor, numerous boats and water crafts were moved upstream inland. The storm was likewise gauge to convey overwhelming precipitation to the precipitous ranges of Belize, bringing on a sympathy toward blaze flooding. Also, Belize's Church Welfare Service started to ship dress and different materials in foresight of the tropical storm.

In Grenada, Anna delivered wind blasts of 50 mph (80 km/h). Harm from the storm's effect on Grenada was restricted to banana yields, trees, and phone shafts. Winds were light on Barbados and Saint Lucia, coming to just 29 mph (47 km/h) on both islands. Harm on Trinidad was minor. In northern Venezuela and the ABC Islands, the tempest delivered winds of 50–70 mph (80–113 km/h) in Curaçao, Los Hermanos and La Blanquilla; A climate station in Aruba reported winds of 50 mph (80 km/h).

In Honduras, harm from Anna was direct and restricted to the Atlantic coast. A climate station in Tela recorded precipitation of 0.29–1.5 inches (7.3–25.4 mm) over a two-day period, and another station in Puerto Cortés measured 2 inches (51 mm). In Plaplaya, the tempest harmed 215 homes. In Trujillo, various structures endured harm. At Limón, nine houses were pulverized and eighteen more were left dreadful. Genuine harm likewise happened in Gracias a Dios Department, where many individuals were left destitute. On the Bay Islands, nine houses were crushed and thirteen endured harm. High winds toppled around 5,000 coconut trees on Útila. Harm from Anna in Honduras added up to $300,000. The tropical storm executed one individual and harmed 12 others, and casualties required sustenance and therapeutic guide afterward. In Belize, Anna delivered waves 7–10 ft (2.1–3 m) and windy winds. In spite of the fact that unspecific, there were reports of considerable damage in the country.